Selasa, Agustus 11, 2009

Sumbawa Travel Guide

Sumber : Sumbawanews.com

Sumbawa is the vastest Goverment Regency in the West Nusa Tenggara Province. It's 8,493 Km2 and incorporates 38 small islands. The population is about half a million. The main island of Sumbawa is larger than Bali and Lombok combined. Its divided into three administrative districts or regencies that correspond roughly to the former sulatnates, Bima in the east, Sumbawa in the west and Dompu in the middle.

The general topography is hilly and mountainous although low level plains are to be found near the northern beaches. The main sights beside the beaches are the towns of Sumbawa Besar City and Labuhan Sumbawa a sleepy old port, now only used by the ferries departing for Moyo island . They are about 1 Hour by boat from there and have a good wild reserve.

The best beaches of the islands are found at Kencana Beach , Saliper Ate Beach and Saleh Bay , Poto Batu Beach and Maluk Beach

Bungin Island is the most densely populated island in the world, it is built from coral and sand and there is almost no vacant land. The island in habited by the bajo people. And it's area is becoming larger as the inhabitans extend the island as the population increases. Kaung Island is a small island, with a community of sailors, is located close to Bungin island, about 70 Kms from Sumbawa Besar. Kaung island produces various artefacts from oyster shell which are of interest

About Sumbawa

Sumbawa is one of the 13,000 plus islands in the Indonesian archipelago. This site focuses on life in Sumbawa: its culture, history, language, politics, and tourism.

Sumbawa is a large island to the east of Bali and Lombok. It is part of West Nusa Tenggara along with Lombok. There are hundreds of small islands in this area in addition to the two major islands. Sumbawa really belongs more to Eastern Indonesia than to to the western part of the archipelago. The effects of Hindu and Buddhist cultures are minimal in Sumbawa (although there is a Balinese presence along the northern coastal area), and although the island is predominantly Muslim, the role of adat is still very strong.

The slogan of the Sumbawa Regency is: "B E S A R" which stands for BERSIH, ELOK, SEHAT, AMAN, DAN RAPI. The regional government's official website notes that Sumbawa still lacks sufficient medical facilities to support public health, in particular a lack of doctors and other health professionals. A public health center was recently opened in Sekongkang, but adequate treatment for a serious illness or accident requires a trip to Sumbawa Besar or Mataram, both of which require a journey of at least four hours minimum.

Sumbawa is divided into four regencies and one municipality. The regencies are: Sumbawa Barat, Sumbawa Besar, Dompu, and Bima. The municipality is Kodya Bima. The most recent census lists the population as being 1.1 million. There are two main ethnic groups: Bima and the Samawa.

The regional government has a six year plan (ending this year) for improving the lives of the island's residents. This plan includes: Health (improving health service quality including equipment and facilities), Education, Social Welfare (including reaching gender equality), Agriculture ( optimizing resources for improving agricultural products), Industry, Trade and Cooperation (developing an economic system that focuses on the fair market mechanism), Regional Finance and Capital Investment, Manpower and Demography, Public Works and Communication (improving transport and the use of water resources), Agrarian Matter and Landscape, Living Environment and Natural Resource (rehabilitating and conserving natural resources), Tourism, Art and Culture (developing tourism based on natural and cultural tours, as well as teaching traditional art and culture), Religious Life Teaching (improving religious life through teaching and providing praying facilities and by making the role of religious institutions and social organizations to be teaching about living in harmony with other religious people), Law and Society's Orderliness (creating safe conditions based on the supremacy of the law and human rights); Politic and the Efficiency of Apparatus (improving the quality of public service through responsibility and the quality of government institutions); Science and Technology (the application of right and useful technology).

In many respects Sumbawa can be considered remote. To get to Sumbawa from Bali most people take the ferry from Bali to Lombok, travel overland to the eastern seaport in Lombok and then take another ferry to Sumbawa, ending up in Poto Tano. From there transportation is somewhat problematic. There are buses that will take you on to Sumbawa Besar, the capital, or down the coast road to the south, but my experience has been that trying to get on a bus once you arrive in Sumbawa is somewhat difficult (see the Transportation page for more details). If traveling from Lombok, it is best to board a bus there that will take you to your final destination in Sumbawa. It is also possible to fly into the city of Sumbawa Besar on the western side of the island, and Bima on the eastern side of the island. A small airline called Tropical Air existed for a short while which flew directly to Sekongkan where I am located and where the surfing spots of Yoyo and Scar Reef are located.. We still have the airport, but flights have been stopped for an indefinite period.

Sumbawa is known for its great waves and sandy white beaches. Due to the somewhat trying process of getting there and the scarcity of cheap tourist facilities, the island is not visited much by non-surfing tourists which is unfortunate as the parts of the island that I have seen are quite beautiful. During the dry season (April to November) a lot of dust is blown up and around. Strong winds blow in off the ocean, and the lush green hills, mountains and valleys turn a dusty brown. When the rainy season begins an amazing transformation takes place and the island becomes a lush jungle once again.

The pace of life on Sumbawa is definitely slower than that in Bali. As most of the island is still developing, there is a very rural feel to just about everywhere that you go, including Sumbawa Besar, the capital of the western side fo the island. The mining company, Newmont, has a gold and copper mine down in the southwestern corner of the island around the villages of Sekongkang, Maluk and Benete. Their presence has speeded up the development process on this side of the island.

Sumbawa is one of the larger islands in the archipelago, and we only live in the southwestern corner. I've been to Sumbawa Besar several times, but only for short periods. Taliwang, about an hour north of us, is a fairly small place, but large compared to Sekongkang and Maluk. The largest city on the island is Sumbawa Besar, but that is a five hour drive from here. The best shopping is actually on Lombok which is the next island to the west.

Understand
Sumbawa really belongs more to Eastern Indonesia than to to the West. The effects of Hindu and Buddhist cultures are minimal in Sumbawa; the majority of the population are Muslims.

During the dry season (April to November) a lot of dust is blown up and around. Strong winds blow in off the ocean, and the lush green hills, mountains and valleys turn a dusty brown. When the rainy season begins an amazing transformation takes place and the island becomes a lush jungle once again.

As most of the island is still developing, there is a very rural feel to just about everything, including Sumbawa Besar, the capital of the western side of the island. The mining company, Newmont, has a gold and copper mine down in the southwestern corner of the island around the villages of Sekongkang, Maluk and Benete. Their presence has speeded up the development process in this side of the island.

Bahasa Indonesia is spoken widely in Sumbawa

Get in
Sumbawa can be considered somewhat remote:

To get to Sumbawa from Bali most people take the ferry from Bali to Lombok, travel overland to the eastern seaport in Lombok and then take another ferry to Sumbawa, ending up in Poto Tano. From there transportation is somewhat problematic. There are buses that will take you on to Sumbawa Besar, the capital, or down the coast road to the south, but some travellers experience of trying to get on a bus once you arrive in Sumbawa is difficult to say the least. If traveling from Lombok, it is best to board a bus there that will take you to your final destination in Sumbawa.

It is also possible to fly into the city of Sumbawa Besar on the western side of the island, and Bima on the eastern side of the island. Sekongkan also has the airport, but flights have been stopped for an indefinite period after a small airline called Tropical Air ceased operating.

Get around
How to get to Sumbawa Besar? TransNusa - Trigana Air is serving with reliable ATR-42/300 Type of Aircraft with 46 seaters. It is flying from/to Denpasar Bali and Mataram Lombok. 4 days a week. More info please browse to www.transnusa.co.id or email to dps@transnusa.co.id

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Natural Object
Saliper Ate Beach

Saliper means comforter. Ate means heart. According to its name Saliper Ate Beach means the beach that can comfort to the heart of its visitors. It is located approximately 5 km to the west of Sumbawa Besar City, the location is easy to reach with land transportation (the city 'bemo'). Before the development in tourism, the Saliper Ate beach was the only recreational place for the Sumbawa people.


Samongkat

The height of this mountain range is 450 meters above sea level, and it is located 17 km from the Sumbawa Besar City. The curvy road with the scenery of mountains and valleys can be traveled with various transportations. The facilities that are available there, among others are the swimming pool and shelter.


Moyo Island

It is located northward of Sumbawa, in front of the Saleh strait, with the width of 30 hectares. The Moyo Island has both land and marine tourist object. Moyo's tropical forest is a home for flock of deer, wild ox, boar, and the protected 'gosong bird' (megapodius). There is also the 'sharp eye' waterfalls. Its marine tourism provides a beautiful underwater panoramic view for snorkling and scuba diving, even from the wharf of the Moyo island thousand of small fish can be seen. Lady Diana from England and Prince William from the Netherlands had once visited the Moyo island to spend their holiday.


Ai Manis Beach

It is located on the white sand land of the Moyo island. It's charming underwater scenery with coral and tropical fishes, and also the tropical forest that surrounds it makes Ai manis perfect for camping, snorkling, etc. The view of sunset can also be enjoyed from Ai Manis. Bush walking in the tropical forest around Ai Manis will naturally provide the view of plants and animals such as deer, wild ox,, boar, the koakao, the cockatoo bird, and the protected 'gosong' bird. Not far from Ai Manis there is also a bat cave. Ai Manis can be reached in approximately 30 minutes by speed boat from Ai Bari the region of Moyo Hilir.


Liang Petang

It is a natural cave and it consist of human like rocks, platforms, weaving, instruments, and it is also filled stalactite and stalagmite. It is located in the Batu Tering village in the region of Moyo Hulu, 29 km from the Sumbawa Besar City. Not far from this cave there is also a bat cave (Liang Bukal.)


Maluk Beach

One of the natural resort area in Sumbawa district lies on Jereweh sub-district on 144 km from Sumbawa Besar or 15 km from Jereweh. Besides have the white sand, Maluk beach also have a hard wave and the beautiful underwater scenery, it makes Maluk beach as a place for surfing, enjoying its beautiful underwater scenery, and fishing. There also provides facilities in bungalows and good restaurants.


Sekonkang Beach

Sekongkang beach is located 8 km from Maluk beach, belongs to the area of Jereweh subdistrict. Its white sand and beautiful wave makes the foreign countries tourists named it as yoyo. This place is good for surfing.






Jelenga Beach

In the same natural resort area located in Jereweh sub-district, this beach is in 136 km from Sumbawa Besar or 7 km from Jereweh. Jelenga beach provides accommodations and restaurants. The beach with the white sand and the wave are named as 'scar reef' by the foreign countries tourists. It is very suitable for surfing.


Saleh Bay

It is a group of white sand with the beautiful coral and variety fish in calm water. This place is very suitable for swimming and diving in order to look underwater scenery. Saleh Bay is a rich waterworks with many kind of sea fish such as kerapu fish which have exported to some countries like Japan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. From Saleh Bay can be seen clearly Tambora Mount which is the widest caldera in the world.

Cultural Object
Dalam Loka ( The Old palace )

The historic inheritance from the Sumbawa monarchy, it was built in the era of Sultan Muhammad Jalaludin III (1883-1931) as home for kings and a place to do governmental duties in its with the traditional design of the Sumbawa region. The old palace (Dalam Loka) is a twin house on stilts, on top of 99 hardwood pillars which symbolize the 99 characteristics of God (Asmaul Husna).


Wisma Praja ( Government House )

Formerly, it used to be the justice palace of The Sumbawa King Muhammad Kaharuddin III, it was built in 1932. This building is in good maintenance and it is used by the local government as a place for the official gatherings, and other ceremonial duties.


Bala Kuning ( The Yellow House )

It was the justice house of The Sumbawa King Muhammad Kaharuddin II and his family, after he no longer rules. In this house various historical remains are still being kept, such as: dagger, the king's crown, spear & gold platted king's clothes. Bala Kuning can be easily reached and it is near to Wisma Praja (now the district office).


Pamulang Village

A Village which is located approximately 5 km from the Sumbawa Besar City, it is a place that still maintains Sumbawa's traditional cultural. Over here we can see various cultural attraction, such as Barapan Kebo (buffalo race), Karaci, and traditional dances.


Tepal Village

A traditional village located approximately 37 km from the city center, it belongs to the Batu Lanteh district. This village can be reached on foot or on horseback. The Tepal village maintains many traditional cultures because the people there still hold the traditional norms and the Samawa culture firmly. This can be seen from the way they dress, the way they live, and also the shape of the houses there.


Poto Village
One of the village in the Sumbawa regency that still keeps the regional culture like traditional weaving, pottery making, and several attractions such as horse race, and buffalo race. Poto village belongs to the Moyo Hilir district approximately 13 km from Sumbawa Besar and it can be easily reached by land transportation that provides daily service for that route.

Bungin Island
It is called the most condensed island in the world, because the population density is more or less 14.000 people/ km. It is also known as a very safe place because so far the lives of the people are always safe and peaceful. In this island there are no fields, plantation, or dairies. The existing land is utilized for housing. The people work together to build a new house by arranging the reef that has been gathered beforehand. This lack of land brings certain uniqueness because the cattle in this island (goats) do not only eat leaves but also paper, fishes, and torn-up clothes. Bungin island belongs to the Alas district, 70 km from Sumbawa Besar City. To reach this island, there is a motor-boat that goes back and forth between the Bungin Island and the Alas wharf.

Kawung Island
An island that becomes the fishermen's village, located not very far from the Bungin Island. We no longer have to cross the sea to reach the island because now there are land transportations such as motorized vehicles and 'dokar'. The people's handicrafts made from sea-shells can also be found in this island.

Talwa Village
The village for black-smiths that still mountains the traditional characteristics in making knives, machetes, mattocks, Sumbawa's traditional knife 'tembilang', etc. The Talwa village, which is nick-named 'The Dutch Blingin' by the tourists, is located in the Moyo Hulu district, approximately 14 km from Sumbawa Besar City.

Hotels at Sumbawa Besar area

No
Name
Address
Star
1
Amanwana Resort
Dusun Gedal, Moyo Island Telp.(0371)22330-Fax.(0371)22288
Star Hotel
2
Kencana Beach Cottages
Jln. Raya Tano, KM - 11 Kec. Badas
Star Hotel
3
Tambora
Jln. Kebayan No. 1 Telp.(0371)21555 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
4
Hotel Cendrawasih
Jln. Cendrawasih, Telp.(0371)24148 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
5
Hotel Dewi
Jln. Hasanuddin No.48 Telp.(0371)21799 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
6
Hotel Garoto
Jln. Batu Pasak No.48 Telp.(0371)22062 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
7
Hotel Cottages
Jln. Raya KM. 5,5 Telp.(0371)21987 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
8
Hotel Suci
Jln. Hasanuddin No.50 Telp.21589 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
9
Hotel Harapan
Jln. Dr.Cipto Telp.21692 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
10
Hotel Mekarsari
Jln. Hasanuddin Gang Kemuning Telp.21351 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
11
Hotel Dian
Jln. Hasanuddin Telp.21708 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
12
Hotel Saudara
Jln. Hasnuddin Telp.21528 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
13
Hotel Tunas
Jln. Hasnuddin Telp.21212 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
14
Hotel Indra
Jln. Diponegoro Telp.21878 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
15
Hotel Baru
Jln. Wahidin No.45 Telp.21533 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
16
Hotel Sumbawa
Jln. Gurami No.20 Telp.21355 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel
17
Hotel Guest House
Jln. Raya-Badas KM- 8 Sumbawa Besar
Non Star Hotel

Restaurants
No
Name
Address
1
Tambora Bar & Restaurant
Jln. Kebayan No.2 Telp.21555 Sumbawa Besar
2
Kencana Beach Bar dan Rastaurant
Jln. Raya Tano KM -11 Telp. 22555 Kec. Badas
3
Aneka Rasa Jaya
Jln. Hasanuddin Sumbawa Besar
4
Puspa Warna
Jln. Cendrawasih No.1, Sumbawa Besar
5
Cirebon I
Jln. Kebayan, Sumbawa Besar
6
Srikandi
Jln. Diponegoro, Sumbawa Besar
7
Cendrawasih
Jln. Cendrawasih, Sumbawa Besar
8
Putra Tunggal
Jln. Raya Tano
9
Puas
Labuhan Sumbawa
10
Surabaya
Jln. Raya Tano KM 5,5
11
Tirta Sari
Jln. Raya Tano KM 5,5
12
Tradisional
Labuhan Sumbawa
13
Simpang Tiga
Sumbawa Besar
14
Putra Yogya
Sumbawa Besar
15
Selera
Sumbawa Besar
16
Rinjani
Sumbawa Besar
17
Bengawan
Sumbawa Besar
18
Omega
Sumbawa Besar
19
Priangan
Sumbawa Besar
20
Rizki
Plampang
21
Pasingga
Empang
22
As

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